Artificial island chain – Palm Jumeirah, the largest man-made island in the world, is located in the United Arab Emirates, on the coastline of Dubai and made using landfills by Nakheel, a property developer in Dubai which is currently owned by the Dubai government.
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The masterplan writer is an American company – Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock (HHCP), which is famous for his work with Sea World, Disney, and Universal Studios. This island is famous for its shape. When viewed from above, this island has a palm tree configuration, symbolizing more than 100 studies conducted to plan Palm. Dubai’s heritage, and built from reclaimed land. The shape allows creating the longest stretch of new beach. The foundation of a palm tree was built with millions of tons of rock taken from the Hajar Mountains. The island adds 78.6 km to the coastline of 72 km in Dubai and is a unique chain of various islands that join together. This island is visible to the naked eye from outer space. Twelve thousand trees grow in nurseries to supply the island with palm trees.
Island chain construction began in June 2001 with a budget of $ 12 billion, and the developer announced 2006 as the year of completion of the first housing unit. During its construction, in 2007 Palm Jumeirah Island has become the largest artificial island in the world. In the same year, 500 families lived on the island, and 75% of the property on the island was ready to be turned on. At the end of 2009, the island had 28 hotels. At 40,000 employees work on projects at the height of construction.
According to an article published in the New York Times, NASA’s laser altimeter satellite found the island sank 5 mm (0.20 in) per year. Nakheel replied that there were no problems on the island and showed the resolution of NASA’s satellite measurements was only 50 mm.
Nakheel miscalculated the actual cost of building the island, and the situation required an increase in additional capital. Therefore, the number of original properties was increased by developers and resulted in reduced space between properties in Palm Jumeirah. The New York Times published an article in 2009 saying that people, expecting more space between buildings, went berserk about this problem. At present, oil palm has around 1,500 beachfront luxury homes and 6,000 apartments.
Palm Jumeirah is not the only artificial island planned to be built in the United Arab Emirates. Palm Jebel Ali will be a bigger island. Construction began in 2002 but due to the financial crisis in 2008 and the decline in the value of real estate in Dubai, developers stopped it, and no further work was planned in the near future. Palm Deira, an island eight times larger than Palm Jumeirah, was launched in 2004, but instead, Nakheel chose to project four islands – the Deira Islands.